This is the fourth and final assignment for my Critical Thinking course which basically just gives the definition of the inductive and deductive reasoning by situation and examples! :):

Deductive and Inductive Reasoning

            Investigations always need either Deductive or Inductive reasoning. In this essay, I am going to discuss and define deductive and inductive reasoning through real life situations to make it easier for the reader to understand and differentiate between two similar words.

Lots of our daily situations are deductive. For example; you want to register for a class you have. The first thing that comes up to your mind is the registrar’s office where you can register your classes validly. Another example is when you want to pay the monthly/yearly tuition of a university. Surely what comes to your mind is the financial/banking department where there you will meet a person that is in charge of these kinds of things, like checking your account, how much money in the account is left and how much do you have to pay.

So, the definition of deductive reasoning is as follows: Deductive reasoning or situations is when you have to start from something general then head to specific.

In crime investigations, the first thing a detective would do is gather the evidence the criminal has left behind. Could be a hair, spoon, chair, finger print and whatever he/she may left could be a clue to find the possible criminal. After several days of investigating the evidence, The rate of finding the criminal is usually high till they eventually find him/her even by the smallest evidence the criminal left behind. This is an example of inductive reasoning.

So, the definition of inductive reasoning is as follows; Inductive reasoning or situations is when you have to start from something specific then head to general.